CONGRESSIONAL MEDALS OF HONOR


PRESENTED BY


THEODORE ROOSEVELT


in the name of the US Congress



SPANISH AMERICAN WAR


PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION


BOXER REBELLION


INTERIM PERIOD

SPANISH AMERICAN WAR MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS            top of page


GILL, FREEMAN
Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 5 September 1851, Boston, Mass.
Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Marblehead during the operation of cutting the cable leading from Cienfuegos, Cuba, 11 May 1898. Facing the heavy fire of the enemy, Gill set an example of extraordinary bravery and coolness throughout this action.

MULLER, FREDERICK
Rank and organization: Mate, U.S. Navy.
Born: 29 March 1861, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 45, 30 April 1901.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Wompatuck, Manzanillo, Cuba, 30 June 1898. Serving under the fire of the enemy, Muller displayed heroism and gallantry during this period.











PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS            top of page


ANDERS, FRANK L.
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company B, 1st North Dakota Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: At San Miguel de Mayumo, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 May 1899.
Entered service at: Fargo, N. Dak. Birth: Fort Lincoln, Dakota Territory.
Date of issue: 3 March 1906. Citation: With 11 other scouts, without waiting for the supporting battalion to aid them or to get into a position to do so, charged over a distance of about 150 yards and completely routed about 300 of the enemy who were in line and in a position that could only be carried by a frontal attack.

BATSON, MATTHEW A.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 4th U.S. Cavalry.
Place and date: At Calamba, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 26 July 1899.
Entered service at: Carbondale, Ill. Birth: Anna, Ill.
Date of issue: 8 March 1902.
Citation: Swam the San Juan River in the face of the enemy's fire and drove him from his entrenchments.

BEARSS, HIRAM IDDINGS
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 13 April 1875, Peru, Ind.
Appointed from: Indiana.
Other Navy award: Distinguished Service Medal.
Citation: For extraordinary heroism and eminent and conspicuous conduct in battle at the junction of the Cadacan and Sohoton Rivers, Samar, Philippine Islands, 17 November 1901. Col. Bearss (then Capt.), second in command of the columns upon their uniting ashore in the Sohoton River region, made a surprise attack on the fortified cliffs and completely routed the enemy, killing 30 and capturing and destroying the powder magazine, 40 lantacas (guns), rice, food and cuartels. Due to his courage, intelligence, discrimination and zeal, he successfully led his men up the cliffs by means of bamboo ladders to a height of 200 feet. The cliffs were of soft stone of volcanic origin, in the nature of pumice, and were honeycombed with caves. Tons of rocks were suspended in platforms held in position by vine cables (known as bejuco) in readiness to be precipitated upon people below. After driving the insurgents from their position which was almost impregnable, being covered with numerous trails lined with poison spears, pits, etc., he led his men across the river, scaled the cliffs on the opposite side, and destroyed the camps there. Col. Bearss and the men under his command overcame incredible difficulties and dangers in destroying positions which, according to reports from old prisoners, had taken 3 years to perfect, were held as a final rallying point, and were never before penetrated by white troops. Col. Bearss also rendered distinguished public service in the presence of the enemy at Quinapundan River, Samar, Philippine Islands, on 19 January 1902.

BELL, HARRY
Rank and organization: Captain, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 17 October 1899.
Entered service at: Minneapolis, Minn. Born: 21 September 1860, Milwaukee, Wis.
Date of issue: 8 March 1902. Citation: Led a successful charge against a superior force, capturing and dispersing the enemy and relieving other members of his regiment from a perilous position.

BICKHAM, CHARLES G.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 27th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At Bayong, near Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Philippine Islands, 2 May 1902.
Entered service at: Dayton, Ohio. Birth: Dayton, Ohio.
Date of issue: 28 April 1904.
Citation: Crossed a fire-swept field, in close range of the enemy, and brought a wounded soldier to a place of shelter.

BIEGLER, GEORGE W.
Rank and organization: Captain, 28th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Loac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 21 October 1900.
Entered service at: Terre Haute, Ind. Birth: Terre Haute, Ind.
Date of issue: 11 March 1902.
Citation: With but 19 men resisted and at close quarters defeated 300 of the enemy.

BIRKHIMER, WILLIAM E.
Rank and organization: Captain, 3d U.S. Artillery.
Place and date: At San Miguel de Mayumo, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 May 1899.
Entered service at: lowa. Birth: Somerset, Ohio.
Date of issue: 15 July 1902.
Citation: With 12 men charged and routed 300 of the enemy.

BOEHLER, OTTO
Rank and organization: Private, Company I, 1st North Dakota Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: Near San Isidro, Philippine Islands, 16 May 1899.
Entered service at: Wahpeton, N. Dak.
Birth: Germany.
Date of issue: 17 May 1906.
Citation: With 21 other scouts charged across a burning bridge, under heavy fire, and completely routed 600 of the enemy who were entrenched in a strongly fortified position.

BUCKLEY, HOWARD MAJOR
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 23 January 1868, Croton Falls, N.Y.
Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901.
Citation: For distinguished conduct in the presence of the Enemy in battle while with the Eighth Army Corps on 25, 27, 29 March, and 4 April 1899.

BYRNE, BERNARD A.
Rank and organization: Captain, 6th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At Bobong, Negros, Philippine Islands, 19 July 1899.
Entered service at: Washington, D.C. Birth: Newport Barracks, Va.
Date of issue: 15 July 1902.
Citation: Most distinguished gallantry in rallying his men on the bridge after the line had been broken and pushed back.

CARSON, ANTHONY J.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company H, 43d Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Catubig, Samar, Philippine Islands, 15-19 April 1900.
Entered service at: Malden, Mass.
Birth: Boston, Mass.
Date of issue: 4 January 1906.
Citation: Assumed command of a detachment of the company which had survived an overwhelming attack of the enemy, and by his bravery and untiring efforts and the exercise of extraordinary good judgment in the handling of his men successfully withstood for 2 days the attacks of a large force of the enemy, thereby saving the lives of the survivors and protecting the wounded until relief came.

CAWETZKA, CHARLES
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 30th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Sariaya, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 23 August 1900.
Entered service at: Wayne, Mich. Birth: Detroit, Mich.
Date of issue: 14 March 1902.
Citation: Single-handed, he defended a disabled comrade against a greatly superior force of the enemy.

CECIL, JOSEPHUS S.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 19th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At Bud-Dajo, Jolo, Philippine Islands, 7 March 1906.
Entered service at: New River, Tenn. Birth: New River, Tenn.
Date of issue: Unknown.
Citation: While at the head of the column about to assault the first cotta under a superior fire at short range personally carried to a sheltered position a wounded man and the body of one who was killed beside him.

CONDON, CLARENCE M.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Battery G, 3d U.S. Artillery.
Place and date: Near Calulut, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 5 November 1899.
Birth: South Brooksville, Maine.
Date of issue: 11 March 1902.
Citation: While in command of a detachment of 4 men, charged and routed 40 entrenched insurgents, inflicting on them heavy loss.

DAVIS, CHARLES P.
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 1st North Dakota Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: Near San Isidro, Philippine Islands, 16 May 1899.
Entered service at: Valley City, N. Dak. Birth: Long Prairie, Minn.
Date of issue: 28 April 1906.
itation: With 21 other scouts charged across a burning bridge, under heavy fire, and completely routed 600 of the enemy who were entrenched in a strongly fortified position.

DOWNS, WILLIS H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 1st North Dakota Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: At San Miguel de Mayumo, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 May 1899.
Entered service at: Jamestown, N. Dak.
Birth: Mount Carmel, Conn. Date of issue: 16 February 1906.
Citation: With 11 other scouts, without waiting for the supporting battalion to aid them or to get into a position to do so, charged over a distance of about 150 yards and completely routed about 300 of the enemy who were in line and in a position that could only be carried by a frontal attack.

EPPS, JOSEPH L.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 33d Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Vigan Luzon, Philippine Islands, 4 December 1899.
Entered service at: Oklahoma Indian Territory.
Birth:Jamestown, Mo.
Date of issue: 7 February 1902.
Citation: Discovered a party of insurgents inside a wall, climbed to the top of the wall, covered them with his gun, and forced them to stack arms and surrender.

FERGUSON, ARTHUR M.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 28 September 1899.
Entered service at: Burlington, Kans.
Birth: Coffey County, Kans.
Date of issue: 8 March 1902.
Citation: Charged alone a body of the enemy and captured a captain.

FISHER, FREDERICK THOMAS
Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 3 June 1872, England.
Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Philadelphia, Samoa, Philippine Islands, 1 April 1899. Serving in the presence of the enemy on this date, Fisher distinguished himself by his conduct.

FITZ, JOSEPH
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 24 May 1886, Austria.
Accredited to: lowa. G.O. No.: 19, 1 May 1906.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Pampanga, Mount Dajo Jolo, Philippine Islands, 8 March 1906.
Serving in the presence of the enemy on this date, Fitz displayed bravery and extraordinary heroism.

FORBECK, ANDREW P.
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 29 August 18,9, New York.
Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901.
Citation: For distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy during the battle of Katbalogan, Samar, Philippine Islands, 16 July 1900.

FORSTERER, BRUNO ALBERT
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 14 July 1869, Koenigsberg, Germany.
Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901.
Citation: For distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy at Samoa, Philippine Islands, 1 April 1899.

GALT, STERLING A.
Rank and organization: Artificer, Company F, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Bamban, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 9 November 1899.
Entered service at: Pawneytown, Md.
Birth: Pawneytown, Md.
Date of issue: 30 April 1902.
Citation: Distinguished bravery and conspicuous gallantry in action against insurgents.

GEDEON, LOUIS
Rank and organization: Private, Company G, 19th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At Mount Amia, Cebu, Philippine Islands, 4 February 1900.
Entered service at: Pittsburgh, Pa.
Birth: Pittsburgh, Pa.
Date of issue: 10 March 1902.
Citation: Singlehanded, defended his mortally wounded captain from an overwhelming force of the enemy.

GILLENWATER, JAMES R.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company A, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 3 September 1899.
Entered service at: Rye Cove, Va.
Birth: Rye Cove Va.
Date of issue: 1 S March 1902.
Citation: While on a scout drove off a superior force of insurgents and with the assistance of 1 comrade brought from the field of action the bodies of 2 comrades, 1 killed and the other severely wounded.

GREER, ALLEN J.
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 4th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: Near Majada, Laguna Province, Philippine Islands, 2 July 1901.
Entered service at: Memphis, Tenn.
Birth: Memphis, Tenn.
Date of issue: 10 March 1902.
Citation: Charged alone an insurgent outpost with his pistol, killing 1, wounding 2, and capturing 3 insurgents with their rifles and equipment.

GROVE, WILLIAM R.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 9 September 1899.
Entered service at: Denver, Colo.
Birth: Montezuma, lowa.
Date of issue: 16 July 1902.
Citation: In advance of his regiment, rushed to the assistance of his colonel, charging, pistol in hand, 7 insurgents, and compelling surrender of all not killed or wounded.

HARVEY, HARRY
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 4 June 1873, New York, N.Y.
Accredited to: New Jersey. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901.
Citation: Served in battle against the enemy at Benictican, 16 February 1900. Throughout this action and in the presence of the enemy, Harvey distinguished himself by meritorious conduct.

HAYES, WEBB C.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 31st Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Vigan, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 4 December 1899.
Entered service at: Fremont, Ohio.
Born: 20 March 1856, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Date of issue: 17 December 1902.
Citation: Pushed through the enemy's lines alone, during the night, from the beach to the beleaguered force at Vigan, and returned the following morning to report the condition of affairs to the Navy and secure assistance.

HULBERT, HENRY LEWIS
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 12 January 1867, Kingston-upon-Hull, England.
Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901.
Other Navy award: Navy Cross.
Citation: For distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy at Samoa, Philippine Islands, 1 April 1899.

HUNTSMAN, JOHN A.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company E, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Bamban, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 9 November 1899.
Entered service at: Lawrence, Kans.
Birth: Oskaloosa County, lowa.
Date of issue: Unknown.
Citation: For distinguished bravery and conspicuous gallantry in action against insurgents.

JENSEN, GOTFRED
Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 1st North Dakota Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: At San Miguel de Mayumo, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 May 1899.
Entered service at: Devils Lake, N. Dak.
Birth: Denmark. Date of issue: 6 June 1906.
Citation: With 11 other scouts, without waiting for the supporting battalion to aid them or to get into a position to do so, charged over a distance of about 150 yards and completely routed about 300 of the enemy, who were in line and in a position that could only be carried by a frontal attack.

KILBOURNE, CHARLES E.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Volunteer Signal Corps.
Place and date: At Paco Bridge, Philippine Islands, 5 February 1899.
Entered service at. Portland. Oreg.
Birth: Fort Myer, Va.
Date of issue: 6 May 1905.
Citation: Within a range of 250 yards of the enemy and in the face of a rapid fire climbed a telegraph pole at the east end of the bridge and in full view of the enemy coolly and carefully repaired a broken telegraph wire, thereby reestablishing telegraphic communication to the front.

KINNE, JOHN B.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 1st North Dakota Infantry.
Place and date: Near San Isidro, Philippine Islands, 16 May 1889.
Entered service at: Fargo, N. Dak.
Birth: Beloit, Wis.
Date of issue: 17 May 1906.
Citation. With 21 other scouts charged across a burning bridge, under heavy fire, and completely routed 600 of the enemy who were entrenched in a strongly fortified position.

LEAHY, CORNELIUS J.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 3 September 1899.
Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif.
Birth: Ireland.
Date of issue: 3 May 1902.
Citation: Distinguished gallantry in action in driving off a superior force and with the assistance of 1 comrade brought from the field of action the bodies of 2 comrades, 1 killed and the other severely wounded, this while on a scout.

LOGAN, JOHN A.
Rank and organization: Major, 33d Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At San Jacinto, Philippine Islands, 11 November 1899.
Entered service at: Youngstown, Ohio.
Born: 24 July 1865, Carbondale, Ill.
Date of issue: 3 May 1902.
Citation: For most distinguished gallantry in leading his battalion upon the entrenchments of the enemy, on which occasion he fell mortally wounded.

LYON, EDWARD E.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 2d Oregon Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: At San Miguel de Mayumo, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 May 1899.
Entered service at: Amboy, Wash.
Birth: Hixton, Wis. Date of issue: 24 January 1906.
Citation: With 11 other scouts, without waiting for the supporting battalion to aid them or to get into position to do so, charged over a distance of about 150 yards and completely routed about 300 of the enemy, who were in line and in a position that could only be carried by a frontal attack.

MACLAY, WILLIAM P.
Rank and organization: Private, Company A, 43d Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Hilongas, Leyte, Philippine Islands, 6 May 1900.
Entered service at: Altoona, Pa.
Birth: Spruce Creek, Pa.
Date of issue: 11 March 1902.
Citation: Charged an occupied bastion, saving the life of an officer in a hand-to-hand combat and destroying the enemy.

MATHEWS, GEORGE W.
Rank and organization: Assistant Surgeon, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Labo, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 29 October 1899.
Entered service at: Worcester, Mass.
Birth: Worcester, Mass.
Date of issue: 14 March 1902.
Citation: While in attendance upon the wounded and under a severe fire from the enemy, seized a carbine and beat off an attack upon wounded officers and men under his charge.

McCONNELL, JAMES
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 33d Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Vigan, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 4 December 1899.
Entered service at: Detroit, Mich.
Birth: Syracuse, N.Y.
Date of issue: 1 October 1902.
Citation: Fought for hours Iying between 2 dead comrades, notwithstanding his hat was pierced, his clothing plowed through by bullets, and his face cut and bruised by flying gravel.

McGRATH, HUGH J.
Rank and organization: Captain, 4th U.S. Cavalry.
Place and date: At Calamba, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 26 July 1899.
Entered service at: Eau Claire, Wis.
Birth: Fond du Lac, Wis.
Date of issue: 29 April 1902.
Citation: Swam the San Juan River in the face of the enemy's fire and drove him from his entrenchments.

McNALLY, MICHAEL JOSEPH
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 29 June 1860, New York, N.Y.
Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 55, 19 July 1901.
Citation: For distinguished conduct in the presence of the enemy at Samoa, Philippine Islands, 1 April 1899.

NOLAN, JOSEPH A.
Rank and organization: Artificer, Company B, 45th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Labo, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 29 May 1900.
Entered service at: South Bend, Ind.
Birth: Elkhart, Ind.
Date of issue: 14 March 1902.
Citation: Voluntarily left shelter and at great personal risk passed the enemy's lines and brought relief to besieged comrades.

PARKER, JAMES
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 45th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Vigan, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 4 December 1899.
Entered service at: Newark, N.J.
Birth: Newark, N.J.
Date of issue: 8 March 1902.
Citation: While in command of a small garrison repulsed a savage night attack by overwhelming numbers of the enemy, fighting at close quarters in the dark for several hours.

PIERCE, CHARLES H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company 1, 22d U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: Near San Isidro, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 19 October 1899.
Entered service at: Delaware City, Del.
Birth: Cecil County, Md.
Date of issue: 10 March 1902.
Citation: Held a bridge against a superior force of the enemy and fought, though severely wounded, until the main body came up to cross.

PORTER, DAVID DIXON
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 29 April 1877, Washington, D.C. Appointed from: District of Columbia.
Citation: For extraordinary heroism and eminent and conspicuous conduct in battle at the junction of the Cadacan and Sohoton Rivers, Samar, Philippine Islands, 17 November 1901. In command of the columns upon their uniting ashore in the Sohoton Region, Col. Porter (then Capt. ) made a surprise attack on the fortified cliffs and completely routed the enemy, killing 30 and capturing and destroying the powder magazine, 40 lantacas (guns), rice, food and cuartels. Due to his courage, intelligence, discrimination and zeal, he successfully led his men up the cliffs by means of bamboo ladders to a height of 200 feet. The cliffs were of soft stone of volcanic origin, in the nature of pumice and were honeycombed with caves. Tons of rocks were suspended in platforms held in position by vines and cables (known as bejuco) in readiness to be precipitated upon people below. After driving the insurgents from their position which was almost impregnable, being covered with numerous trails lined with poisoned spears, pits, etc., Col. Porter led his men across the river, scaled the cliffs on the opposite side, and destroyed the camps there. He and the men under his command overcame incredible difficulties and dangers in destroying positions which, according to reports from old prisoners, had taken 3 years to perfect, were held as a final rallying post, and were never before penetrated by white troops. Col. Porter also rendered distinguished public service in the presence of the enemy at Quinapundan River, Samar, Philippine Islands, on 26 October 1901.

QUINN, PETER H.
Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 4th U.S. Cavalry.
Place and date: At San Miguel de Mayumo, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 May 1899.
Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif.
Birth: San Francisco, Calif.
Date of issue: 6 June 1906.
Citation: With 11 other scouts without waiting for the supporting battalion to aid them or to get into a position to do so, charged over a distance of about 150 yards and completely routed about 300 of the enemy who were in line and in a position that could only be carried by a frontal attack.

RAY, CHARLES W.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company 1, 22d U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: Near San Isidro, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 19 October 1899.
Entered service at: St. Louis, Mo.
Birth: Pensacola Yancey County, N.C.
Date of issue: 18 April 1902.
Citation: Most distinguished gallantry in action. Captured a bridge with the detachment he commanded and held it against a superior force of the enemy, thereby enabling an army to come up and cross.

ROBERTSON, MARCUS W.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 2d Oregon Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: Near San Isidro, Philippine Islands, 16 May 1899.
Entered service at: Hood River, Oreg.
Birth: Flintville, Wis.
Date of issue: 28 April 1906.
Citation: With 21 other scouts charged across a burning bridge, under heavy fire, and completely routed 600 of the enemy who were entrenched in a strongly fortified position.

ROSS, FRANK F.
Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 1st North Dakota Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: Near San Isidro, Philippine Islands 16 May 1899.
Entered service at: Langdon, N. Dak.
Birth: Avon, Ill.
Date of issue: 6 June 1906.
Citation: With 21 other scouts charged across a burning bridge, under heavy fire, and completely routed 600 of the enemy who were entrenched in a strongly fortified position.

SAGE, WILLIAM H.
Rank and organization: Captain, 23d U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: Near Zapote River, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 13 June 1899.
Entered service at: Binghamton, N.Y. Birth: Centerville, N.Y.
Date of issue: 24 July 1902.
Citation: With 9 men volunteered to hold an advanced position and held it against a terrific fire of the enemy estimated at 1,000 strong. Taking a rifle from a wounded man, and cartridges from the belts of others, Capt. Sage himself killed 5 of the enemy.

SCHROEDER, HENRY F.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company L, 16th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At Carig, Philippine Islands, 14 September 1900.
Entered service at: Chicago, Ill.
Birth: Chicago, Ill.
Date of issue: 10 March 1902.
Citation: With 22 men defeated 400 insurgents, killing 36 and wounding 90.

SHAW, GEORGE C.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 27th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At Fort Pitacus, Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Philippine Islands, 4 May 1903.
Entered service at: Washington, D.C.
Birth: Pontiac, Mich.
Date of issue: 9 June 1904.
Citation: For distinguished gallantry in leading the assault and, under a heavy fire from the enemy, maintaining alone his position on the parapet after the first 3 men who followed him there had been killed or wounded, until a foothold was gained by others and the capture of the place assured.

SHELTON, GEORGE M.
Rank and organization: Private, Company 1, 23d U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At La Paz, Leyte, Philippine Islands, 26 April 1900.
Entered service at: Bellington, Tex.
Birth: Brownwood, Tex.
Date of issue: 10 March 1902.
Citation: Advanced alone under heavy fire of the enemy and rescued a wounded comrade.

SHIELS, GEORGE F.
Rank and organization: Surgeon, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Tuliahan River, Philippine Islands, 25 March 1899.
Entered service at: California.
Birth: California.
Date of issue: 22 November 1906.
Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to the fire of the enemy and went with 4 men to the relief of 2 native Filipinos Iying wounded about 150 yards in front of the lines and personally carried one of them to a place of safety.

SLETTELAND, THOMAS
Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 1st North Dakota Infantry.
Place and date: Near Paete, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 12 April 1899.
Entered service at: Grafton, N. Dak.
Birth: Norway.
Date of issue: 11 March 1902.
Citation: Single-handed and alone defended his dead and wounded comrades against a greatly superior force of the enemy.

STRAUB, PAUL F.
Rank and organization: Surgeon. 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: At Alos, Zambales, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 21 December 1899.
Entered service at: lowa. Birth: Germany.
Date of issue: 6 October 1906.
Citation: Voluntarily exposed himself to a hot fire from the enemy in repelling with pistol fire an insurgent attack and at great risk of his own life went under fire to the rescue of a wounded officer and carried him to a place of safety.

TREMBLEY, WILLIAM B.
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: At Calumpit, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 27 April 1899.
Entered service at: Kansas City, Kans.
Birth: Johnson, Kans.
Date of issue: 11 March 1902.
Citation: Swam the Rio Grande de Pampanga in face of the enemy's fire and fastened a rope to the occupied trenches, thereby enabling the crossing of the river and the driving of the enemy from his fortified position.

WALKER, FRANK O.
Rank and organization. Private, Company F, 46th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Near Taal, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 18 January 1900.
Entered service at: Burlington, Mass.
Birth: South Boston, Mass.
Date of issue: 11 March 1902.
Citation: Under heavy fire of the enemy he rescued a dying comrade who was sinking beneath the water.

WEAVER, AMOS
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 36th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers.
Place and date: Between Calubus and Malalong, Philippine Islands, 5 November 1899.
Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Born: 13 June 1869, Niles Township, Delaware County, Ind.
Date of issue: 15 March 1902.
Citation: Alone and unaided, charged a body of 15 insurgents, dislodging them, killing 4 and wounding several.

WELD, SETH L.
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company L, 8th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At La Paz, Leyte, Philippine Islands, 5 December 1906.
Entered service at: Altamont, Tenn.
Birth: Sandy Hook, Md.
Date of issue: 20 October 1908. Citation: With his right arm cut open with a bolo, went to the assistance of a wounded constabulary officer and a fellow soldier who were surrounded by about 40 Pulajanes, and, using his disabled rifle as a club, beat back the assailants and rescued his party.

WETHERBY, JOHN C.
Rank and organization: Private, Company L, 4th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: Near Imus, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 20 November 1899.
Entered service at: Martinsville, Ind.
Birth: Morgan County, Ind.
Date of issue: 25 April 1902.
Citation: While carrying important orders on the battlefield, was desperately wounded and, being unable to walk, crawled far enough to deliver his orders.

WHITE, EDWARD
Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry.
Place and date: At Calumpit, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 27 April 1899.
Entered service at: Kansas City, Kans.
Birth: Seneca, Kans.
Date of issue: 11 March 1902.
Citation: Swam the Rio Grande de Pampanga in face of the enemy's fire and fastened a rope to occupied trenches, thereby enabling the crossing of the river and the driving of the enemy from his fortified position.










CHINA RELIEF EXPEDITION (BOXER REBELLION) MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS            
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APPLETON, EDWIN NELSON
Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 29 August 1876, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 84, 22 March 1902.
Citation: In action against the enemy at Tientsin, China, 20 June 1900. Crossing the river in a small boat while under heavy enemy fire, Appleton assisted in destroying buildings occupied by the enemy.

BREWSTER, ANDRE W.
Rank and organization: Captain, 9th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At Tientsin, China, 13 July 1900.
Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa.
Birth: Hoboken, N.J.
Date of issue: 15 September 1903.
Citation: While under fire rescued 2 of his men from drowning.

BURNES, JAMES
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 14 January 1870, Worcester, Mass.
Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 84, 22 March 1902.
Citation: In action against the enemy at Tientsin, China, 20 June 1900. Crossing the river in a small boat with 3 other men while under a heavy fire from the enemy, Burnes assisted in destroying buildings occupied by hostile forces.

HEISCH, HENRY WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps.
Born: 10 June 1872, Latendorf, Germany.
Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 84, 22 March 1902.
Citation: In action against the enemy at Tientsin, China, 20 June 1900. Crossing the river in a small boat while under heavy fire, Heisch assisted in destroying buildings occupied by the enemy.

LAWTON, LOUIS B.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 9th U.S. Infantry.
Place and date: At Tientsin, China, 13 July 1900.
Entered service at: Auburn, N.Y.
Birth: Independence, lowa.
Date of i55ue: 11 March 1902.
Citation: Carried a message and guided reinforcements across a wide and fireswept space, during which he was thrice wounded.

McALLISTER, SAMUEL
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 23 January 1869, Belfast, Ireland.
Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 84, 22 March 1902.
Citation: In action against the enemy at Tientsin, China, 20 June 1900. Crossing the river in a small boat while under heavy enemy fire, McAllister assisted in destroying buildings occupied by the enemy.





INTERIM MEDALS OF HONOR RECIPIENTS            top of page

BEHNE, FREDERICK
Rank and organization: Fireman First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 3 October 1873, Lodi, N.J.
Accredited to: New Jersey. G.O. No.: 182, 20 March 1905.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Iowa, 25 January 1905. Following the blowing out of the manhole plate of boiler D of that vessel, Behne displayed extraordinary heroism in the resulting action.

BEHNKE, HEINRICH
Rank and organization: Seaman First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 10 April 1882, Germany.
Accredited to: Washington, D.C. G.O. No.: 182, 20 March 1905.
Citation: While serving aboard the U.S.S. Iowa, Behnke displayed extraordinary heroism at the time of the blowing out of the manhole plate of boiler D on board that vessel, 25 January 1905.

BJORKMAN, ERNEST H.
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 25 April 1881, Malmo, Sweden.
Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 145, 26 December 1903.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Leyden, 21 January 1903, Bjorkman displayed heroism at the time of the wreck of that vessel.

BOERS, EDWARD WILLIAM
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 10 March 1884, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Accredited to: Kentucky. G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Bennington, 21 July 1905. Following the explosion of a boiler of that vessel, Boers displayed extraordinary heroism in the resulting action.

BONNEY, ROBERT EARL
Rank and organization: Chief Watertender, U.S. Navy, U.S.S. Hopkins.
Place and date: Aboard U.S.S. Hopkins, 14 February 1910.
Entered service at: Nashville, Tenn.
Birth: Tennessee.
Citation: While serving on board the U.S.S. Hopkins, Bonney displayed extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on the occasion of the accident to one of the boilers of that vessel, 14 February 1910.

BREEMAN, GEORGE
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 15 September 1880, Passaic, N.J.
Accredited to: New Jersey. G.O. No.: 21, 5 May 1906.
Citation: Breeman displayed heroism in the line of his profession while serving on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge at the time of the accidental ignition of powder charges in the forward 13-inch turret.

BRESNAHAN, PATRICK FRANCIS
Rank and organization: Watertender, U.S. Navy.
Born: 1 May 1872, Peabody, Mass.
Accredited to: Vermont. G.O. No.: 182, 20 March 1905.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Iowa for extraordinary heroism at the time of the blowing out of the manhole plate of boiler D on board that vessel, 25 January 1905.

BROCK, GEORGE F.
Rank and organization: Carpenter's Mate Second Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 18 October 1872, Cleveland, Ohio.
Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Bennington for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

CAHEY, THOMAS
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 13 April 1870, Bellfast, Ireland.
Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 85, 22 March 1902.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Petrel for heroism and gallantry, fearlessly exposing his own life to danger in saving others on the occasion of the flre on board that vessel, 31 March 1901.

CLARY, EDWARD ALVIN
Rank and organization: Watertender, U.S. Navy.
Born: 6 May 1883, Foxport, Ky.
Accredited to: Kentucky. G.O. No.: 59, 23 March 1910.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Hopkins for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on the occasion of the accident to one of the boilers of that vessel, 14 February 1910.

CLAUSEY, JOHN J.
Rank and organization: Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy.
Born: 16 May 1875, San Francisco, Calif.
Accredited to: California. G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Bennington for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

CORAHORGI, DEMETRI
Rank and organization: Fireman First Class, U.S. Navy.
Place and date: Aboard U.S.S. Iowa, 25 January 1905.
Entered service at: New York.
Born: 3 January 1880, Trieste, Austria. G.O. No.: 182, 20 March 1905.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Iowa for extraordinary heroism at the time of the blowing out of the manhole plate of boiler D on board that vessel, 25 January 1905.

CRONAN, WILLIE
Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy.
Born: 23 October 1883, Chicago, Ill.
Accredited to: Illinois. G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Bennington, for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

DAVIS, RAYMOND E.
Rank and organization: Quartermaster Third Class U.S. Navy.
Place and date: On board the U.S.S. Bennington, 21 July i905.
Entered service at: Puget Sound, Wash.
Born: 19 September 1885, Mankato, Minn.
G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Bennington, for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

FADDEN, HARRY D.
Rand and organization: Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
Born: 17 September 1882, Oregon.
Accredited to: Washington. G.O. No.: 138, 31 July 1903.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Adams, for gallantry, rescuing O.C. Hawthorne, landsman for training, from drowning at sea, 30 June 1903.

FLOYD, EDWARD
Rank and organization: Boilermaker, U.S. Navy.
Born: 21 February 1850, Ireland.
Accredited to: South Carolina. G.O. No.: 182, 20 March 1905.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Iowa, for extraordinary heroism at the time of the blowing out of the manhole plate of boiler D on board that vessel, 25 January 1905.

FREDERICKSEN, EMIL
Rank and organization: Watertender, U.S. Navy.
G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Benington, for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

GIRANDY, ALPHONSE
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 21 January 1868, Guadaloupe, West Indies.
Accredited to: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 85, 22 March 1902.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Petrel, for heroism and gallantry, fearlessly exposing his own life to danger for the saving of others, on the occasion of the fire on board that vessel, 31 March 1901.

GRBITCH, RADE
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 24 December 1870, Austria.
Accredited to: Illinois.
G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Bennington, for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

HALLING, LUOVI
Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 7 August 1867, Stockholm, Sweden. Accredited to: New York.
G.O. No.: 172, 4 October 1904.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Missouri, for heroism in attempting to rescue from drowning Cecil C. Young, ordinary seaman, 15 September 1904.

HILL, FRANK E.
Rank and organization: Ship's Cook First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 31 July 1880, La Grange, Ind.
Accredited to: Indiana.
G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Bennington, for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

JOHANNESSEN, JOHANNES J.
Rank and organization: Chief Watertender, U.S. Navy.
Born: 13 May 1872, Bodo, Norway.
Enlisted at: Yokohama, Japan.
G.O. No.: 182, 20 March 1905.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Iowa, for extraordinary heroism at the time of the blowing out of the manhole plate of boiler D on board that vessel, 25 January 1905.

KING, JOHN
Rank and organization: Watertender, U.S. Navy.
Born: 7 February 1865, Ireland.
Accredited to: New York.
G.O. No.: 72, 6 December 1901.
Second award.
Citation: On board the U.S.S. Vicksburg, for heroism in the line of his profession at the time of the accident to the boilers, 29 May 1901.
SECOND MEDAL
G.O. No.: 40, 19 October 1909.
Citation: Watertender, serving on board the U.S.S. Salem, for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on the occasion of the accident to one of the boilers of that vessel, 13 September 1909.

KLEIN, ROBERT
Rank and organization: Chief Carpenter's Mate, U.S. Navy.
Born: 11 November 1884, Gerdonen, Germany.
Enlisted at: Marseilles, France.
G.O. No.: 173, 6 October 1904.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Raleigh, for heroism in rescuing shipmates overcome in double bottoms by fumes of turpentine, 25 January 1904.

MONSSEN, MONS
Rank and organization. Chief Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy.
Born: 20 January 1867, Norway.
G.O. No.: 160, 26 May 1904.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Missouri, for extraordinary heroism in entering a burning magazine through the scuttle and endeavoring to extinguish the fire by throwing water with his hands until a hose was passed to him, 13 April 1904.

NELSON, OSCAR FREDERICK
Rank and organization: Machinist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 5 November 1881, Minneapolis, Minn.
Accredited to: Minnesota.
G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Bennington, for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

NORDSTROM, ISIDOR
Rank and organization: Chief Boatswain, U.S. Navy.
Born: 24 May 1876, Goteborg, Sweden.
Accredited to: New York.
G.O. No.: 142, 4 December 1924.
Citation: For gallant conduct upon the occasion of the disastrous fire of accidentally ignited powder charges, which occurred in the forward turret of the U.S.S. Kearsage during target practice on 13 April 1906. Chief Boatswain Nordstrom, then chief boatswain's mate, was among the first to enter the turret in order to assist in bringing out the injured.

PETERS, ALEXANDER
Rank and organization: Boatswain's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 16 November 1869, Russia.
Accredited to: Pennsylvania.
G.O. No.: 172, 4 October 1904.
Citation: For heroism in attempting to rescue from drowning Cecil C. Young, ordinary seaman, 15 September 1904, while serving on board the U.S.S. Missouri.

PFEIFER, LOUIS FRED
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps. (Served as Theis, Louis F., during first enlistment.)
Born: 19 June 1876, Philadelphia, Pa.
Accredited to: New Jersey.
G.O. No.: 85, 22 March 1902.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Petrel; for heroism and gallantry, fearlessly exposing his own life to danger for the saving of the others on the occasion of the fire on board that vessel, 31 March 1901.

QUICK, JOSEPH
Rank and organization: Coxwain, U.S. Navy.
Place and date: Yokohama, Japan, 27 April 1902.
Entered service at: New York.
Birth: New York.
G.O. No.: 93, 7 July 1902.
Citation: For heroism in rescuing Walenty Wisnieroski, Machinist Second Class, from drowning at Yokohama, Japan, 27 April 1902, while serving on board the U.S.S. Yorktown.

SCHEPKE, CHARLES S.
Rank and organization: Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 26 December 1878, New York, N.Y.
Accredited to: New York.
G.O. No.: 160, 26 May 1904.
Citation: For extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. Missouri in remaining by a burning magazine and assisting to extinguish the fire, 13 April 1904.

SCHMIDT, OTTO DILLER
Rank and organization: Seaman, U.S. Navy.
Born: 10 August 1884, Blair, Nebr.
Accredited to: Nebraska.
G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: While serving on board the U.S.S. Bennington for extraordinary heroism displayed at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

SHACKLETTE, WILLIAM SIDNEY
Rank and organization: Hospital Steward, U.S. Navy.
Born: 17 May 1880, Delaplane, Va.
Accredited to: Virginia.
G.O. No.: 13, 5 January 1906.
Citation: For extraordinary heroism while serving on the U.S.S. Bennington at the time of the explosion of a boiler of that vessel at San Diego, Calif., 21 July 1905.

STUPKA, LODDIE
Rank and organization: Fireman First Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 4 March 1878, Cleveland, Ohio.
Accredited to: Ohio.
G.O. No.: 145, 26 December 1903.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Leyden, for heroism at the time of the wreck of that vessel, 21 January 1903.

TEYTAND, AUGUST P.
Rank and organization: Quartermaster Third Class, U.S. Navy.
Born: 6 April 1878, Santa Cruz, West Indies.
Accredited to: New Jersey.
G.O. No.: 145, 26 December 1903.
Citation: For heroism while serving on board the U.S.S. Leyden at the time of the wreck of that vessel, 21 January 1903.

WALSH, MICHAEL
Rank and organization: Chief Machinist, U.S. Navy.
Born: 27 July 1858, Newport, R.I.
Accredited to: Rhode Island.
G.O. No.: 145, 26 December 1903.
Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Leyden; for heroism at the time of the wreck of that vessel, 21 January 1903.